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Historical Background

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Agriculture sector still has prime role to play in Nepalese economy. This sector has offered employment to 65.6 percent of the economically active population. This sector has 38 percent contribution to the National GDP and 13 percent of the total foreign trade of the country. Keeping in view of the contribution, the agriculture sector was given priority for its development from the onset of the periodic plans till the Eighth Five Year Plan. In this background, the major objective and challenge of agriculture is to reduce poverty and to support the development of non-agricultural sectors through high growth in agriculture.

Historical Background of the Department of Agriculture:

  •     1942: Agriculture Office was established as an institutional effort.
  •     1952: Department of Agriculture was established.
  •     1966: Restructuring of Department of Agriculture and establishment of five Departments.

    - Department of Agriculture Extension
    - Department of Fishery
    - Department of Horticulture
    - Department of Livestock Health
    - Department of Agricultural Education and Research

  • 1972:  Lack of effective coordination among the departments again led to the creation of the Department of Agriculture.
  • 1972:  The need and sensitivity of agricultural markets gave rise to the establishment of the Department of Agricultural Market Services.
  • 1979:  In view of effective program implementation of agriculture and livestock sectors two separate departments; one for agriculture and another for livestock were established - Department of Agriculture and Department of Livestock Services.
  • 1990:  Establishment of Department of Horticulture.
  • 1992:  under one umbrella policy all the five Departments - Horticulture; Crop and Fishery; Food, Agriculture and Market Services; Livestock Health and Food Research Laboratory were brought into one department called the Department of Agricultural Development. Under this department one Director General and seven Directors were posted.
  • 1995:  Under the new restructuring program three departments came into existence; viz -Department of Agriculture, Department of Livestock Services, and Central Food Research Laboratory.
  • 2000:  To enhance the effectiveness of services and supports to the Department of Agriculture, 11 Technical Divisions at the center were reorganized into nine Program Directorates.
  • 2004:  Program Directorates were reorganized and established 12 Program Directorates and 14 National Programs under the Department of Agriculture.
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Agriculture sector still has prime role to play in Nepalese economy. This sector has offered employment to 65.6 percent of the economically active population. This sector has 38 percent contribution to the National GDP and 13 percent of the total foreign trade of the country. Keeping in view of the contribution, the agriculture sector was given priority for its development from the onset of the periodic plans till the Eighth Five Year Plan. In this background, the major objective and challenge of agriculture is to reduce poverty and to support the development of non-agricultural sectors through high growth in agriculture.

Historical Background of the Department of Agriculture:

  •     1942: Agriculture Office was established as an institutional effort.
  •     1952: Department of Agriculture was established.
  •     1966: Restructuring of Department of Agriculture and establishment of five Departments.

    - Department of Agriculture Extension
    - Department of Fishery
    - Department of Horticulture
    - Department of Livestock Health
    - Department of Agricultural Education and Research

  • 1972:  Lack of effective coordination among the departments again led to the creation of the Department of Agriculture.
  • 1972:  The need and sensitivity of agricultural markets gave rise to the establishment of the Department of Agricultural Market Services.
  • 1979:  In view of effective program implementation of agriculture and livestock sectors two separate departments; one for agriculture and another for livestock were established - Department of Agriculture and Department of Livestock Services.
  • 1990:  Establishment of Department of Horticulture.
  • 1992:  under one umbrella policy all the five Departments - Horticulture; Crop and Fishery; Food, Agriculture and Market Services; Livestock Health and Food Research Laboratory were brought into one department called the Department of Agricultural Development. Under this department one Director General and seven Directors were posted.
  • 1995:  Under the new restructuring program three departments came into existence; viz -Department of Agriculture, Department of Livestock Services, and Central Food Research Laboratory.
  • 2000:  To enhance the effectiveness of services and supports to the Department of Agriculture, 11 Technical Divisions at the center were reorganized into nine Program Directorates.
  • 2004:  Program Directorates were reorganized and established 12 Program Directorates and 14 National Programs under the Department of Agriculture.