Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project- Additional Financing (CMIASP-AF)
Introduction & Background Information
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project- Additional Financing (CMIASP-AF) is a joint undertaking of the Ministry of Irrigation/Department of Irrigation and the Ministry of Agricultural Development/Department of Agriculture. This project is financially supported through Loan burrowed from the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The current Project is a continuation of CMIASP initiative which got initially launched in January 2006 and was officially terminated in year 2013. Under the CMIASP, 103 Irrigation Subprojects (ISP) were being implemented in 3 batches of which the 1st batch consisted of 27 subprojects, 2nd batch of 41 subprojects and 3rd batch of 35 subprojects. The subprojects comprises of irrigation infrastructure development that involves rehabilitation of existing irrigation infrastructure and/or expansion of the irrigation network, Social Development, strengthening of Water User Associations (WUAs) and Agriculture Development component. The Water Users Associations (WUA) in which the beneficiary farmers are organized get involved in subproject planning, development and implementation and will be responsible for system management based on an agreed Operation and Maintenance (O & M) plan of ISPs after construction and/or improvement of existing infrastructure. CMIASP-AF followed-up in 33 districts in the Eastern and Central development regions (EDR and CDR) of Nepal with the aim of implementing 150 new Irrigation sub-projects including 73 ISPs in Batch I and 50 in Batch II. The Project got formally approved on April 10, 2014 and will terminate in the year 2020. The major subsectors to be addressed are: Irrigation and Agricultural production. The total Project Loan Approved by ADB so far is US $ 30 million with counterpart Fund of US $ 8,300 from the Government of Nepal (GoN) with the likelihood of more funds to be added into the project. The Agricultural Component Budget (approximately) is US $ 3,161,000 (equivalent to NRs. 30 Crore, 97 Lakhs, 78 thousand). The total command area that is expected to be covered through the implementation of new ISPs is about 19,920 hectares with the expected farmer beneficiaries of around 25,000 households.
CMIASP-AF Goal, Objectives and Expected Outcomes
The overall goal of CMIASP-AF is poverty reduction in the targeted rural communities of Eastern and Central Development Regions of Nepal through appropriate technological dissemination and socio-economic empowerment of the people.
The main objective of the project is to improve agricultural production and productivity through sustainable management and renovation of small and medium-sized Farmers Managed Irrigation System (FMIS) facing low productivity and thus enhance the livelihood of community people including disadvantaged and minority groups. The Integrated Crop and Water Management is an inbuilt component of CMIASP-AF based on lessons learned in the past.
The expected outcomes of the project are:
-Improved mobilization and strengthening of Water Users Association (WUA) for irrigation management;
- Improved policies, plans, institutions and operational mechanisms for more responsive service delivery and sustainability aspects of FMIS;
- Cropping intensity increased in the targeted communities by about 30 percent ;
- Women participation in the project to be maintained at least 33 percent
Implementation Modality of CMIASP-AF
The major infrastructure component of CMIASP activities (i.e. construction and rehabilitation part of ISPs) are designed and implemented by the Department of Irrigation which has a Central Project Management Office (CPMO) and its regional branch Offices – Regional Irrigation Directorates (RIDs) as well as Irrigation Development Divisions (IDDs) and Irrigation Development Subdivisions (IDSDs) with the help of consultants, experts and specific project contractors. In order to implement the agriculture component related activities of CMIASP a total of 36 institutions of the Department of Agriculture (DoA) are involved with different roles and functions. The lead coordinating Office is the Directorate of Agricultural Extension (DAE) at Harihar Bhawan through its Project Implementation Unit (PIU). Its main role is to coordinate with the Regional Agricultural Directorates (RADs) of CDR and EDR and its associated 33 District Agriculture Development Offices (DADOs), organize orientation, workshops and ToT Trainings to Water Users Association (WUA) leader farmers, prepare and distribute training manuals, document periodic progress reports, sub-project profiles, prepare and collect Statement of Expenditure (SOE) from RADs, DADOs and finally monitor and supervise activities related to Agriculture Development Plan (ADPs) implemented by respective DADOs. RADs are responsible for monitoring and supervision of ADPs organize regional level planning and Review workshops and collect and document trimester and annual progress reports from their respective domain districts (15 in EDR and 18 in CDR). The 33 DADOs out of 35 (There are no ISPs approved from Bhaktapur District from CDR and Sunsari District from EDR) are directly involved in delivering the agriculture extension and support services to target farmers with the implementation of activities under the Agricultural Development Plans (ADPs), program budgeting , monitoring & supervision of activities at ISP level. From Year 2073/74 BS, each one ISP under Agency Managed Irrigated System (AMIS) is getting implemented in Syangja and Tanahun District also.
Past Achievements of CMIASP in a nutshell
From Overall Perspective
- A Total of 103 ISPs constructed/ rehabilitated under different phases Batch I, II and III
- Total Irrigation Command Area Improved is 15,677 hectares against the target of 13,700 hectares
- Total Beneficiary Population Recorded is 178,285 (Target – 115,600)
- Average Cropping Intensity in Sub-project Areas has increased by 34.7% (Target – 40%)
- Annual Major Crop Production has increased by 42,000 tons (Target –32,100 tons)
- Nearly 80% Farmers enrolled as WUA members
- Beneficiary contributed 4.5% of construction costs (Target – 3%)
- Women Representation in WUA Executive members – 33% (Target – 30%)
- Women’s participation achieved in Agriculture Extension activities through implemented programs – 48% (Target – 35%)
From Agricultural-Component Perspective
- A total of 241 Farmers Group formed and mobilized at ISP command areas in different Project Districts.
- A total of 96 Leader Farmers of WUA of ISPs Trained in Improved Agriculture Practices and Extension through DoA-PIU from various ISPs of different Districts .
- Management Information System (MIS) introduced in CMIASP. DADO Chiefs and CMIASP responsible Officers from 35 DADOs received basic orientation cum training in MIS jointly by DAE-PIU and CPMO (DoI)
- A total of 60,552 Farmers directly participated in ADP and LEP Activities
- Twenty one (21) Officers from CMIASP related DADOs Trained in Agro-Irrigation and Water Management Training.
- Twenty-four (24) Multi-media Projectors, 73 Desktop computers, 35 Sprayers, 35 Soil Testing Kit Boxes, 35 Tensiometers, 35 Grain Moisture meters, 37 Digital Scanners, 45 two wheelers (bikes) distributed to DADOs
- and RADs as part of Equipment support
- Forty-two (42) Mini-tillers supported to functional WUAs through DADO to support farm mechanization in ISP sites
- Cereal Crop margin per Farm Family has increased by 117% (Target – 70% )
- Potato Production increased by 16,780 tons (Target – 10,800 tons)
- Gross margin per Farm Family has increased by 117% (Target – 70% )
Possible Core Areas of ADP intervention in CMIASP-AF
TOWARDS ENSURING SEED SECURITY
- Seed Multiplication of main crops (Paddy, Maize, Wheat, Legumes)
TOWARDS STRENGTHENING FARMERS CAPACITY
- Trainings in different areas of improved farming techniques/practices
- Soil, disease and nutrient management, FYM management, IPM through FFS, IPNM,
- Irrigation water management (equity in distribution, efficient application, conflict resolution,
- Organize Farmers Exposure visits, link them with Training institutions, NGOs, INGOs, improve their access to information & knowledge
TOWARDS ENSURING SUSTAINABILITY
- Institutionalization of Trained Leader Farmers at local level (with financial backstopping from VDC, DDC and technical support from DADO), integrate FGs with WUAs, and promote sustainable farming.
- Promoting Farmer-led Extension – identify more leader Farmers, trained them and institutionalize them
TOWARDS COMMERCIALIZATION OF AGRICULTURE & INCOME GENERATION
- Promote Farming as a business enterprise
- Provide financial and technical support to potential entrepreneur farmers
- Introduce and promote new technology & innovation in farming